Dialectical Behavior therapy most commonly known as its abbreviated form DBT is a kind of cognitive behavioral therapy which helps people to manage painful emotions and traumatic experiences. It is also useful for dealing with relationship issues and decreases conflicts. Read this and get Dialectical Behavior Therapy – A Detailed Overview .
What exactly is DBT?
DBT involves the use of therapeutic skills of the therapists. It has four main parts that a therapist will focus on and these are:
- Mindfulness –in the first step, your therapist will work with you to accept all your emotions, whether positive or negative. It will teach you how to be present in your current mood.
- Distress Tolerance –this part will help you accept your negative emotions and increase your tolerance for negativity rather than trying to escape from it.
- Emotion Regulation – after successfully accepting your negative emotions, your therapist will works with you to change these intense negative feelings into positive emotions.
- Interpersonal Effectiveness – the fourth and last step of DBT will focus on your interactions with other people in such a way that will allow you to maintain composure, self-respect and assertiveness. You will be able to form better relationships after this step.
When is DBT used?
Dialectical Behavior Therapy has been successfully used in the treatment of bipolar disorders, post traumatic stress disorder as well as borderline personality disorder. Your therapist will perform DBT when you are dealing with extreme negative emotions and stress. In addition, DBT has high success rate while treating patients with substance abuse, bulimia and binge eating disorders. It has also been useful for the treatment of depression.
The Procedure of the Treatment
DBT can be performed in individual as well as group session. Your therapist will first have one-on-one sessions with you to properly diagnose your disorder, after which he or she will focus on acceptance and channeling of your negative emotions into bearable emotions, if not completely positive emotions. When you have learned to control your negative emotions and aggressive behavior, you will be assigned to group therapy sessions where you will learn to effectively communicate with other people.
The Effectiveness of DBT
DBT has been known to have high effectiveness rate. The heart of DBT depends on the balancing of two extremely polar emotions which causes personality disorders. The therapist will help you get hold of two seemingly opposite perspectives and help you to form a neutral ground. This avoids the black and white and sudden mood changes. Group therapy sessions are highly effective in providing mutual support and build trust between the members.